There are a number a reasons why the state/ other individuals, apart from their parents/families, may need to look after the children. It may imply that they are “looked after children” meaning that if their relatives are unable to take care of the, they will be cared for by the local authority for more than 24 hours and will live in an accommodation supplied by the local authority with the contract of the parent or subject to an interim or full care order. The care order is when the child is made the topic of care to order that the local authority be held liable for the child. This is classified as the responsibility of parents. However, if necessary, it may limit contact with their parents in the interests of the child’s welfare and the local authority will analyse whether the young person should live at home. If the child does not receive that kind of care they should be then the local authority aims the care of order. It would be sensible to expect the absence of care from a parent that causes the important damage to the child.
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In addition, the court will decide whether the child is suffering damage or not and will take action to guarantee that the child is in a secure setting. If the environment wasn’t secure, they would have to ive the child another place to reside. If the child is cared by the local authority, they must decide where the child is secure to be. If the parents are divided, if they can, they may consider putting the child with the other parent. If they don’t, they might discover someone with parental responsibility, like godparents, uncles, aunties and godparents. They may also consider a children’s home, where there are other children in the same situation and they are all cared for together or they may find a foster parent to care for the individual and provide the child or young person with the full-time and nurturing family environment.
It is essential to recognise that children/ young individuals may sometimes need to leave their homes due to issues linked to themselves and not just their families. They may have been in an accident and their family can’t take care of them anymore or provide assistance they need. The child might present such difficult behavioural patterns that the family are unable to cope.
Due to the parental disease or disability, children or young individuals need to be cared for. The parents of the child may even be momentarily unwell or unable to deal, in which cases when the condition improves, they child may be able to return home. Meanwhile, they may spend his time with foster parents, or which may be in a resident home for children. A young person’s duration of moment away from home relies on conditions and the amount of danger that the child is in. many variables may be due to illness, bereavement, health issues or even substance abuse when it comes to family breakdowns. Therefore, this will totally break down the family unit and some greater risk variables (violence) may result into the child being permanently removed from the home setting to eliminate the danger to the individual. It all relies on the danger of the child and the seriousness of the scenario. For example, for their own safety and well-being, a child being abused may need to be removed from the environment either temporarily or permanently. If the child’s parent had a partner who abused the young person, however, the young person may be allowed back home once the risk of harm has been removed from the home environment, if both parents did, then they may involve a longer or even permanent removal of the child. Which needs foster parents to remain with them. Suh conditions may lead to the need of specific delicate care and later require treatment to assist them and cope with what has occurred.
A child or youth may need to leave home due to factors linked to their own health, behavioural issues, learning difficulties, disabilities or mental health issues. The child may have anxiety that it is quite prevalent among youth and is suggested that chronic anxiety can be handled to have an efficient effect. They may lead in dysfunction or suicide in some instances if they are unrecognised. A child may have depression that is a increasing problem with may root causes and can lead to self-murder. In the business of others, young individuals may become unresponsive, withdrawn or not talk. Depression can have severe implication without therapy. It may, however be necessary for young individuals to participate in counselling and treatment.
Learning disabilities can be a challenge for family members to deal with the difficulties present by the child with a learning disability and to be able to understand how to care for them or help their child as best as they can as they might think they are unable to deal with the difficulties presented by them. In some cases, care for a child or young person outside the family home was considered as a good idea. Thus is the temporary foundation for most low-risk instances and if the child needs specialist help they may need longer-term or permanent arrangement. Alternatively, temporary relief can assist the family to relax and address their own requirements, so when it comes to the child returning home, they’re better equipped and knowledgeable. With children and young individuals with disabilities, however it can be very distinct. Parents may feel like they are faced with a lot of requirements and may find it difficult to deal if the disability is severe and requires full- time care. short-term relief would be an alternative, but they need a long-term provision more that probable. If the family home is unable to provide the young individual with the specialist requirements, alternative care can be resolved.
If the local authority makes a placement for the child, the following needs must be ensured, the child living near home so that they do not feel that they are completely separated from their parent and that they know that there is no disruption to their environment, education or training and that their routines will not change. If there are siblings that are both needing care for They’ll make sure they live together if they’re all cared for as there is less trauma and emotional upset, making them happier in general. A enormous thing that needs to be evaluated is if the placement they’re planning to place the child in is appropriate for their requirements, if they’re disabled then they’re going to have to discover something that will meet them and make simple access. When the local authority decides where the child will live, they need to confirm that they will be cared for in school for the welfare of the child and the progress to enable them to have a better environment for better learning and health. Due to being separated an taking into consideration of the age the child and their level of knowledge, supporting them with their desires and emotions of individuals significant in their lives, the person may be too young to comprehend why they were carried away. They need to think about the religion, ethnicity, cultural background and first language in addition to this. Lastly, unless they need to be in a secure housing, they will need to agree on placement with social workers, parents and children.
Many kinds of care are accessible, including foster care, respite care, residential childcare (adoption) and care planning in collaboration with the child and youth.
For children who are unable to live with their own parents, foster care provides family life. This type of care is often used to provide temporary care while parents are being sorted out for assistance. This might be because of their own issues or helping the children through a period of their life that they are finding hard as well as providing day-to-day care, foster caregivers are expected to advocate on behalf of the child and support their education, health and social well-being, manage their behaviour, keep records and hold regular meetings. However, the foster care provider must ensure that the child or young person they care for has regular contact with their family.
Respite is also accessible, added from this. Respite implies taking a break from taking care of that young individual and someone else is taking care of them. It offers the person struggling to take time out of care for themselves in order to prevent becoming tired and run down. Families can be relieved when they have a family crisis that they need help or support. Respite is that it seeks to keep the child at home and to keep families together. It is important for the health and well-being of the family caregiver to continue to provide care for their loved ones. There a lot of respite care options available. They range from getting a volunteer to sit with the person you’ve been taking care of for a few hours, to a short stay in a care home. Often children or young people with learning difficulties or disabilities will need a break due to their family needing time away from the responsibility which can be difficult. It consists of a child spending some time in a residential facility that caters for their needs.
Residential care is a long-term care provided to adults or children who live in a housing setting rather than their own environment, including their family home. The place of residence is to guarantee that children and young individuals develop and grow, as well as provide food, shelter, play and recreation space in the caring and calm setting. The residential unit is very similar to the foster unit, but the residential unit is much bigger, there are more adults who are skilled employees and do not reside at home but work there on their shifts. Residential childcare can be arranged so that specialised staff can interact with children and young people with behavioural difficulties.
Adoption is a formal legal process in which the child or youth becomes a permanent family member other that their natural birth family. Sometimes parents give up that child’s responsibility. The death of the child’s natural parents may also follow.
Working in collaboration is the guiding principle of the Children’s Act. This is made more concrete by means of particular criteria of the law, such as those relating to care plans and reviews for children under the supervision of the local authority. It decreases child poverty, supports the best beginning for children, improves results with children and young individuals with special educational needs or disabilities and helps to create mental health and well-being.
Safeguarding for children
Protecting young people’s lives is very important. In the health and social sector, the majority of people’s safety and protection are seen to be on the social side, the function of social workers in the workplace could be illustration of ensuring the safety of children and protecting and supporting them from circumstances that may lead them to be at risk or in danger of any kind. Every action taken is to ensure that the children are safeguarded will be linked to legislation. This includes United Nations Convention on the rights of a child (1989) the children act (1998), every child matters (2003), the data protection act (1998) framework for the assessment of children in need and their parents (2000) and human rights act (1998). An example could be “Every Child Matters”, this considers the well-being of children and young people from birth to 19 years. It has 5 principles at the heart of the legislation which applies to every child, whatever their backgrounds. All children should be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and experience economic well-being. All the organisations must ensure that they work together to protect children from harm and help them achieve their goals.
The children act 1989
The Children act was introduced to secure the well-being of children and young people at vulnerable times during their lives. It provides a framework for assessment of children and their families. The principles of the Children act are that the child welfare and families in need should be assisted in raising their own children, assistance should be given as a service to the family and should satisfy the recognised requirements of each child, be suitable to the race, culture, faith and language of the child and be accessible to efficient independent representation processes. If they are at any danger of being harmed, young individuals and children need to be secure and shielded by efficient intervention. It was an objective that the children have been shown to practice as well as to proceed with welfare and health concerns. A slice of the children’s act was drawn and brought into its own legislation to raise awareness of protecting and caring for the young. This was called “every child matters” legislation. The act was updated in 2004 and the purpose to set the boundaries and help for authorities when intervening for the best interests of the child.
United Nations Convention on the rights of a child (UNCRC)1989
This legislation is an International agreement that considers the rights of the individuals. The legislation consists of 54 articles covering a range of rights e.g., violence, rights to play, right to express themselves and have their views taken into consideration The UNCRC of 1989 legislations is one of the many acceptable standards within the treatment of a child. The UNCRC is made up of three main concepts. The first concept includes that the best way a child can be brought up is by their parents. The second concept states that a child should never be abused or neglected. The third concept says that any authority involved to helping/backing must stop any abuse and will give the required support to the children or young people that have been abused. This legislation is one of many acts that helps protect those in need through the concept for example, the second concept suggests that it is unacceptable for a child to abused which involves the third concept that puts action against the abuse. As a result of this act children are being placed into better lifestyle.
Common assessment framework (England)
The legislation is essential for providing integrated services that focus on the needs of children and young people. The legislation is used for children with additional needs who may need support to help them achieve the 5 outcomes of each child. The assessment framework provides a standardised way to consider the needs of children and young people and to decide how they can be met. It aims at identifying the needs of the individual at an early stage and also considers the roles of parents, others and a number of factors that influence their achievement. It consists of a pre-assessment checklist followed by a three-step process involving the preparation, discussion and delivery of the services for the benefit of the children and young people.
Social workers assist individuals in a multitude of situations with their life. In cases of a child abuse, with children and individuals with disabilities, they can operate with families where there is domestic abuse, help with fostering or adoption, and work with young individuals who abuse substances like drugs or alcohol. The UN Convention says that young individuals have freedom such as the right to life, the right to be treated as equal citizens, the right to live in a secure setting, the right to be trained without fear, and the right to be protected from violence and neglect, according to The Sefton Local Safeguarding Children Board. Social workers must operate with families to allow young people wherever possible to live safe from damage within their family and community. If individuals are concerned about that child, they can contact the social worker. They are going to ask the person to clarify the child’s issues. It is the duty of the social workers to make enquires when they receive any information concerning the safety of the child. The information provided will be treated confidentially and the identity will be protected unless permission has been given to disclose the information. It is the role and responsibility of the social workers to tell the individual what actions will be taken to address the concerns they have. Social workers have a role to play in working with families as they need that extra support. Only in extreme circumstances do reported concerns lead to children having to live apart from their parents.
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The social worker will have to collect data from the children or young people involved. They will also need to speak to parents, carers and other Important people in the child’s life. All of this helps to determine whether or not the child or young person has been or is likely to be harmed. Social workers have a legal duty to inform the police of any incident where a criminal act may have occurred. If the child has been or may have been harmed, social workers may call a conference on child protection. This is a meeting with parents or child caregivers to agree on what needs to be done to prevent future harm. The social responsibility for taking care proceedings into consideration. This enables them to make arrangements for day-to-day care for the child or young person, possibly away from the home or with other family members. The social worker will keep the family informed with what’s going on.
Teachers working in extended schools will provide high-quality care at primary school sites or where appropriate through local providers with supervised transfer arrangements. Teachers will run parenting support sessions for parents at key transition points, parenting programs run with support for other child users and family learning sessions to help children learn with their parents. Identification of children with particular needs to ensue easy referral to a wide range of specialized support services which is very important. Suh as speech therapy, child mental health services, family support services and intensive behavioural support. The teacher must record the growth of the students and if the child of young person is not progressing, suitable action should be taken as they could be withdrawn. Teachers will if necessary, meet with other experts, such as social welfare officers and educations psychologists if needed. Any issues with the child should be flagged up at these meetings. Teachers facilitate learning by having a relationship with the pupils, this is important as they will then recognise the issues. Teachers should develop and foster appropriate skills and social capabilities to enable children to develop optimally, depending on their ae and ability. They can therefore access a pupils development through the study support activities. It is vital to protect the child that their development is recorded and updated as they may not be making progress on the issues they face. The teacher will work with the parents and the school governors in England to maximize their involvement in the school and develop the resources. It will help in relation to caring for children as it brings suggestions from the community on how to help protect the child if at risk.
As part of the role of teachers in extended schools, they will organize and participate in school events, outing and activities that may take place on weekends or in the evening. Teachers may however notice that the child is isolating in certain activities, for example, in sports and music clubs. The teacher should decide on the suitable action to be taken in this respect. As part of protecting the child, the teacher could decide to have one or two conversations with the child, wondering if they would like to discuss any issues that they may have. The teacher may also decide to bring any continuing problems to the attention of the Deputy Head Teacher if they become worried about the child. Once the Deputy Head Teacher is conscious of the problems, the head will decide whether to bring the problem further to social services.
The DBS method is not accountable for the care of individuals, but is accountable for the background checks that verify whether a person is appropriate for working with vulnerable individuals. They are accountable for offering facilities such as schools, nurseries and universities with background checks on people. Its purpose is to guarantee that employees are able to work with children or vulnerable young people when hiring services. This makes it impossible for unfit individuals to work with vulnerable adults. This enables employers to make choices about safer recruitment. The disclosure and barring service is accountable for inspections of criminal records, replacing the CRB and ISA. This allows access to criminal record information through England’s disclosure service, which ensures that there will be no future abuse of the individual who cares for the vulnerable person. The service of disclosure and barring decides whether the individual should be put on a barred list. They are liable for individuals being placed or removed.
The regulating bodies set standards for care for professions such as Nursing, Midwifery, Teaching, Psychotherapy and Counselling. The nursing and midwifery council is an instance of the regulatory bodies. The council of nursing and midwifery sets standards and practice guidelines. It is essential that they ensure that their standards and guidance, which must be applied in practice are easily accessible to people working throughout the UK. All midwives in the UK must be recorded with the NMC and high standards of exercise are expected to be demonstrated. All competent nurses and midwives must follow the norms and guidelines of the Nursing and Midwifery council and be fit to practice so that patients and the public can have confidence in their health and well-being. Being fit for exercise implies the nurse or midwife needs the abilities and expertise to do the work efficiently. The Nursing and Midwifery Council has set a variety of norms and guidelines covering practice fields such as managing medications and maintaining records.
The General Pharmaceutical Council is another instance of regulating bodies. Pharmacists must be recorded with the council in order to practice in Great Britain. Their function is to safeguard, encourage and sustain patient, public and pharmacy services like health, security and well-being. The General Pharmaceutical Council’s primary function is keep a register of pharmacy technicians and premises for pharmacy. They set norms for education and training as well as ongoing professional development. They set and encourage norms at licensed pharmacies for secure and efficient pharmacy practice. Every year, thy licensed pharmacy establishments that must renew their registration with the council.
Not every occupation is controlled. Some professions are self-regulating which implies the profession is represented and regulated by the same body. There is a limitation on the right to practice for the regulated professions based on individual qualifying proof. Social work is an instance of a profession that has be governed. Unregulated professions would benefit from legislation as there is presently no lamination on the right to practice for people. The professional is still skilled but in order to work properly they do not need to be registered with a regulatory body. Individuals in unregulated jobs need to show their capacity through controlled education or training to do their work efficiently.
The general social care council is accountable for registering and regulating their education and training for all individuals working in social services. This includes those working with children and young people, children services from local authorities, ofsted are accountable for inspecting agreements, protecting children. These announced inspections examine how well local authorities and their associates identify, help and protect the young people in the local authority area and protect organisations that are liable for the people in vulnerable positions or may need additional care.
The Quality Care commission deals with the essential standards to ensure the quality and safety that have been taken into account, including places where care is provided, such as the District General Hospital and care homes. The CQC has the authority to act on behalf of people who may be unsatisfactory in using the services. This can only take action if there is reason to believe that basic right or security are not being fulfilled by anyone. The CQC can take specific actions considered serious in response to the risk. For example, CQC may request that a care home or hospital to be closed until the safety requirements have been met by the provider, otherwise the suspension will continue.
If necessary, the CQC may remove a service from the registry without question. Third section organisations are also in place to protect children. These can be charitable organisations which receive both public and private funding. Charities are designed to help support families and young carers. Their job is to prevent as much child poverty, child abuse and child sexual abuse as possible. They are campaigning for children’s rights and providing a range of support including advocacy support for adoption training and education services. They also assist asylum seeking children for more than 100,00 youths and their families. It is one of the UK’s largest children’s charity, raising money to end the children’s cruelty. Through negligence, physical abuse, sexual abuse, the NSPCC enables them at risk. they provide services capable of protecting children and youth and providing guidance to concerted adults and experts. They work with organisations to ensure that children are efficiently protected and they are campaigning for modifications in legislation to protect people and their rights.
- Textbook health and social BTEC level 3 2010
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